A great number of one-syllable words is another factor that facilitates conversion. The process of semantic assimilation has many forms: Prison, skipper, junta, just, yacht, ranch, tailor, embargo, take, lieutenant, guess, leg, joy, waltz, tomato, corridor, skin, mafia, concert, die, pencil, money.
Coordinative and subordinate compound words and their types. In the series leave, depart, quit, retire, clear out the verb leave, being general and most neutral term can stand for each of the other four terms. For example there are 9 synonymic groups of the word part as the result of a very wide polysemy: Nouns converted from verbs deverbal nouns denote: Sounds that were alien to the English language were fitted into its scheme of sounds, e.
Due to the great stability and semantic peculiarities the native words possess great word-building power. This part of the native vocabulary contains a great number of semantic groups.
The first term is applied to the language from which the word was immediately borrowed, the second - to the language to which the word may be ultimately traced e. If to consider that half of the spoken lexemes failed to find their way to the dictionary, it can be safely asserted that the native Anglo-Saxon language did not comprise more than one hundred thousand lexemes.
Oral borrowings took place chiefly in the early periods of history, in recent times, written borrowings did. Most words of native origin make up large clusters of derived and compound words in the present-day language. Scandinavian borrowings, classical elements-Latin and Greek, French borrowings.
Major, senior, ward, captain, salon, cart, poor, fragile, memory, shade, skirt, hospital, screech, corps, canal, artist, wage, cavalry, abridge, disc, legal.
Although not numerous in Modern English, words of Anglo-Saxon origin must be considered very important due to their stability, specific semantic characteristics, great word-forming power, wide spheres of application, and high frequency value.
Borrowed words not assimilated semantically because they de-note objects and notions peculiar to the country from which they come: This accounts for the existence of the so called etymological doublets like canal - channel Latin -Frenchskirt - shirt Sc.
Latin Loans are classified into the subgroups. Thus, one can confidently claim that borrowing is one of the most productive sources of enrichment of the English vocabulary. Typical semantic relations within a converted pair I.
Translation Loans and Semantic Loans Alongside loan words proper there are translation loans or calques and semantic loans.
The number of completely assimilated words is many times greater than the number of partly assimilated ones. Classification of prefixes according to: Examples can be found mostly in special literature among technical terms and others, e.
Sound and stress interchange. The principles of morphemic analysis, Types of morphemes. Etymological Survey of the English Word-Stock Words | 9 Pages Etymological survey of the English word-stock Learning objects: After you have studied the material you should be able: a) To speak on: The term "native (word-stock), sources of borrowing, “origin of borrowing”.
Etymological survey of the English word-stock.
Topics for discussion. Words of native origin and their characteristics. Foreign elements in Modern English. Classification of borrowings according to the language from which they were borrowed.
Scandinavian borrowings, classical elements-Latin and Greek, French borrowings. Etymological survey of the English word-stock Learning objects: After you have studied the material you should be able: a) To speak on: The term "native (word-stock), sources of.
Brief Etymological Review of the English Word-Stock. by Linda Correli Etymologically the vocabulary of the English language is far from being homogenous. Etymological Survey of the English Word-Stock Words | 9 Pages Etymological survey of the English word-stock Learning objects: After you have studied the material you should be able: a) To speak on: The term "native (word-stock), sources of borrowing, “origin of borrowing”.
Etymological douplets – have the same meaning but different etymology & used in different styles (bookish & colloquial) – to start & to commence. International words (appear due to the progress in science) – e.g.: antenna, antibiotic; international of English origin: film, club, cocktail, jazz.Etymological survey of the english word stock